Suklaphanta National Park
It is lies in the extreme southwest of the terai in Kanchanpur district. Established in 1969 the reserve occupies an area of 305 square kilometers. Grassland apart different vegetations provide shelter to various other fauna. Sal trees dominate the forests while Khair, sissoo forests are found along the riverside. There are four small lakes which add significantly to the reserve’s biodiversity. Elevation range is from 150 to 600 meters.
Around 373 species of birds have been recorded Sarus Crane, Bengal Florican, Swamp Florican, Grass Owl, Hodgson’s Bushchat, Finn’s Weaver, Bristled Grassbird, Jerdon’s Babbler amongst others. A total of 30 species of mammals has been recorded including Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Hispid Hare, Smooth – coated Otter, Nilgai, Swamp Deer, Greater – One horned Rhinoceros.The park also has a healthy population of Mugger crocodile and Indian Python. Suklaphanta National Park supports the largest population of the nominate race of Swamp Deer, Barasingha Cervus duvaucelii duvaucelii in the world.
Bardiya National Park
It is situated in southwest Nepal. This national park is by far largest wilderness area in lowland of Nepal. Bardia was declared National Park in 1982. Before was established as hunting reserved in 1976 and later transformed in Royal Karnali Wildlife Reserve. The Park occupied an area of 968 square kilometer and bufferzone are covers 507 km2. Elevation range is 152 to 1441 meter of Churia hills. The major rivers of the park are Babai and Geruwa. About 70 % of the park covered by Sal Shorea robusta Forest, there are also riverine forest of Khair Acacia catechu and Sisoo Dalbergia sissoo in lowlands. The other main habitats of the park is grassland and savanna.
A total of 426 species of birds has been recorded in the national Park including 11 globally threatended. Bengal Florican, Lesser Florican, Silver eared Mesia, Sarus Crane, Great Hornbill amongst others. A total of 37 species of mammals has been recorded in Park including globally threatened species of wildlife include the Ganges River Dolphin, Asiatic wild Dog, Smooth – coated Otter, Bengal Tiger, Nilgai, Greater One – horned Rhinoceros ( has been re – introduced from Chitawan and now more than 50 individuals survive here ). Several varieties of reptiles and water animals, Gharial Crocodile and Marsh Mugger Crocodile, the fresh water Gangetic dolphin is also commonly seen in river Karnali the Nepal’s largest river.
The birthplace of Buddha, the sacred area of Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world’s great religions and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centers from very early period. In 1997 Lumbini was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The farmlands, forest scrub, wetlands and grasslands are an especially important refuge for wildlife. Elevation range is 95 to 1219 meters.
Lumbini has the best known population of the globally threatened Sarus Crane in Nepal and is the only known site in the country where the species breeds regularly.
Mammals species found here are Nilgai, Smooth – coated Otter, Striped Hyaena, Golden Jackal, Bengal Fox, Yellow – throated Martin, Chital, Leopard amongst others.
Birds to see at Lumbini
Sarus Crane, the tallest of the all the flying birds, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, White – rumped Vulture, Slender – billed Vulture, Black – headed Ibis, Painted Stork, Lesser Adjutant, Hodgson’s Bushchat, Bristle Grassbird, Grey Heron, Water Cock, Pheasant – tailed Jacana, Eurasian Marsh Harrier, Blue - tailed Bee – eater, Grey Hornbill, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Black – rumped Flameback, Eurasian eagle Owl amongst others.
Kathmandu is a paradise for bird – watchers and one of the most rewarding places in Nepal for spotting and study. So far more than 500 species have been recorded in the Kathmandu, and it is not uncommon for an experienced group of ornithologists to identify a hundred species in the course of a single day.
The wide variety of habitat and altitude in the valley make even casual bird watching particularly rewarding. Kathmandu has a huge variation in altitude within a short lateral distance 1300 meter to 2800 meter. Fast flowing forest streams, remaining lakes, farmlands and forests are main habitat for birds. Residents, winter visitors, summer visitors, passage migrants and vagrants birds can observe in Kathmandu.
|Duration||09 Days 08 Nights|
|Location||Shuklaphanta – Bardiya – Lumbini - Kathmandu|
|When to Visit||November to May|