It was established in 1986 to protect the natural environment and promote tourism through community participation. Covering an area 7,629 km2 Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal’s biggest protected area and includes some of the highest peaks, deepest George, most popular trekking destination and biological, geographic socioeconomic and cultural diversity. The elevation starts from 790 meter Khudi of Lamjung to 8091 meter Annapurna 1st . In the ACA which offers number of attractions to visitors. These include is its unique landscapes with several high mountain peaks, rich biodiversity due t its great altitudinal variation and rich cultural significance. The Southern area receives highest more than 3000 mm per year and Northern area receives lowest 50 – 250 mm per year rainfall of the country.
Multi conceptual park management system was first successfully implemented in Annapurna area and now ACAP is the world model for conservation and sustainable development.
The Kaligandaki valley is migration corridor for birds moving south to winter in India. About 40 migrating bird species have been recorded, including Demoiselle Crane.
The ACA is the country’s only protected area that has all of Nepal’s six Himalayan pheasant. Pipar and the nearby area of santel are national importance for pheasants.
Annapurna Conservation Area is the home of
518 species of Birds :- Blood pheasant, Satyar Tragopan, Koklas pheasant, Himalayn Monal, Cheer pheasant, Demoiselle Crane, Wood Snipe, Lammergeier, Egyption Vulture, White – rumped Vulture, Himalayan Vulture, Eurasian Griffon, Cinereous Vulture, Red – headed Vulture, Golden Eagle, Imperial Eagle, Lesser Kestrel Slender – billed Scimitar Babbler, Spiny Babbler, Himalaya Cutia, Hoary – throated Barwing, Golden – breasted Fulvetta, Fire- tailed Myzornis,
1238 species of flowering plants :- Chir pine, Alder, Oaks, Fir, Blue pine, Hemlock, Birch, Juniper
9 species of Rhododendron :- Rhododendron thomsonii, Rhododen campanulatum, Rhododendron arboretum ( National flower of Nepal )
105 species of Mammals :- Argali, Asiatic Black Bear, Brown Bear, Clouded Leopard, Dhole, Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Wild Boar, Tibetan Antelope, Himalayan Musk Deer,
23 species of Amphibians :- Assam Toad, Mustang Frog, Black – spined Toad, Cricket frog etc
40 species of Reptiles :- Annapurna Ground Skink, Big – eyed Bamboo Snake, Himalayan Keelback, Himalaya pit Viper, Tawny cat Snake, Yellow monitor etc
|Location||Annapurna Conservation Area|