Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
It was established in 1976 and designated as Ramsar site in 1987. This is the first Ramsar site Of Nepal. It is protected area of Eastern Nepal and covers 175 suqare kilometer of wetlands. The elevation range is from 75 – 81 meter. Approximately 70 % of the reserve land area is covered in grasslands. Koshi is far the most important wetland staging post for migratory warders and waterfowl in Nepal & was considered one of the most important in Asia.
The reserve contains Nepal’s last population of Asian Buffalo a globally threatened species other globally threatened species include Gangaes River Dolphin, Nilgai, Smooth Coated Otter, Asiatic Elephant, Gharial & Muggar Crocodile. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is supposed to be one of the finest bird sanctuaries in Asia and it is listed in Ramsar site.
The large numbers of 497 bird species has been recorded in Koshi Tappu & Barrage area.Swamp Florican, Bengal Florican, Lesser Florican, Black headed Ibis, Bristled Grassbird, Baer’s Pochard, Palla’s Fish Eagle, Imperial Eagle, and especially important for wetland and grassland species.
200 species of fish have been recorded most of which are resident , 2 Toad Species, 9 Frog species, 6 lizard species, 5 snake species, 11 Turtle species, 31 species of Mammals.
Chitawan National Park
The first National park of Nepal’s is Chitawan National park. It was established in1973. It covers 932 square kilometer. In 1984 UNESCO declared the park a world heritage site because of its importance as global biodiversity reserve. Its elevation range is from 100 – 815 meters. Approximately 70 % of the park is covered by Sal forest.
The Chitawan National Park is home is the habitat of 550 species of birds: Resident and migratory as many as two third of Nepal’s globally threatened in Chitawan. Great Hornbill and Asian Paradise Flycatcher are most exotic bird of Chitawan. The site is especially important for several grassland species including Bengal Florican, Slender – billed Babbler, Lesser Adjutant, Grey Crowned Prinia etc.56 species of mammals : Bengal Tiger, Greater One – honed Rhinoceros, Wild Boar, Asiatic Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Serow, Wild Dog, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Marbled Cat, Clouded Leopard, Sloth Bear, Rhesus Macaque, Common Langur, Yellow – throated Martin etc. 49 species of Amphibians and Reptiles: King Kobra, Common Cobra, Indian Python Rat Snake etc. 2 kinds of Crocodile: Marsh Mugger and Gharial, 4 species of Tortoises, 150 species of Butterfly, 126 species of Fishes, 570 species of overall plants.
Kathmandu is a paradise for bird – watchers and one of the most rewarding places in Nepal for spotting and study. So far more than 500 species have been recorded in the Kathmandu, and it is not uncommon for an experienced group of ornithologists to identify a hundred species in the course of a single day.
The wide variety of habitat and altitude in the valley make even casual bird watching particularly rewarding. Kathmandu has a huge variation in altitude within a short lateral distance 1300 meter to 2800 meter. Fast flowing forest streams, remaining lakes, farmlands and forests are main habitat for birds. Residents, winter visitors, summer visitors, passage migrants and vagrants birds can observe in Kathmandu.
|Duration||08 Days 07 Nights|
|Location||Koshi – Chitwan - Kathmandu|
|When to Visit||November to May|